North-South Road

From Tolkien Gateway
Great Road redirects here. This name sometimes refers to the East Road.

The Great Road,[1] also called the Royal Road,[2] was a major road in the Westlands that linked the northern kingdom of Arnor with the southern kingdom of Gondor.[3][4]

Course[edit | edit source]

Course of the Great Road (highlighted with red) with its major stops.

It originally ran from Fornost Erain in the far north, southward for hundreds of leagues through Eriador passing by Bree (where it crossed the East-West Road) and through Andrath between the Barrow-downs and the South Downs and crossed the former Cardolan and Minhiriath.[4] Most of this road had fallen into ruins after the Fall of Fornost and the desolation of Eriador. The patch of the North Road around the Bree-land was known as the Greenway because of its disuse.[3] It then crossed Tharbad on the Gwathló, where it crossed the river to traverse Enedwaith.[4] From then on, the North Road became the Old South Road.[5]

Arching slightly towards the Misty Mountains, it went through the Gap of Rohan (via the Fords of Isen) and then it was known as the Great West Road.[3] After two miles it bent sharply to the south-east to meet the Deeping-road and again bent to the east and Edoras.[6] It passed across Calenardhon/Rohan parallel to the White Mountains and eventually Anorien. It ran on to Minas Tirith and Osgiliath.[2][7]

Other versions of the legendarium[edit | edit source]

Only parts of the North-South Road are taken in consideration in the narrative of The Lord of the Rings; the route is partially seen in the General Map of Middle-earth, which was published with earlier editions of The Lord of the Rings (and later in Pauline Baynes's A Map of Middle-earth). In those earlier maps, the portion of the road from Enedwaith to Rohan is not seen, suggesting that the road was abandoned or ruined after contact and traffic was diminished.

The name Great Road in the Appendices refers to the East Road.[8] Confusingly, the name Great Road in the Unfinished Tales refers to the road that links Arnor and Gondor, which is drwan without gaps in the map accompanying the book.[9] Christopher Tolkien extrapolated the course between Enedwaith and Rohan, to restore it on the new map.[10]