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Avarin is a term used to refer to the combined languages of the Avari.

History[edit | edit source]

There were at least six different languages, or dialects, in the Avarin group.[1] The various dialects did not have a common development,[2] although all descended from Primitive Quendian.[1]

Three larger divisions of Avarin are recorded: West Avarin, North Avarin and East Avarin. The West Avarin group was nearest to the Eldarin languages of the west; North Avarin was very peculiar, with no initial consonant groups. Not much is known of East Avarin.[2]

Etymology[edit | edit source]

Avarin is a Quenya word derived from the elements avar ("Refuser, Elf who did not journey to Aman") + in ("-ian, racial-adjective, language").[3]

Other versions of the legendarium[edit | edit source]

The West, North, and East Lemberin tongues was a name within the early versions of the legendarium for what would later be called the West, North, and East Avarin languages.[4] They were originally intended to have a resemblance in sound to Goidelic, Baltic, and Finnic languages.[5]

Early etymology[edit | edit source]

Lemberin is a Quenya word derived from the elements lembi ("Those That Lingered") + in ("-ian, racial-adjective, language").[6]

See also[edit | edit source]

External links[edit | edit source]

Languages and scripts in Tolkien's works
Elvish Angerthas (Angerthas Daeron) · Avarin · Cirth (Certhas Daeron) · Common Eldarin · Mátengwië · Moon-letters · Nandorin · Primitive Quendian · Quenya (Exilic · Valinorean · Vanyarin) · Sarati · Silvan Elvish · Sindarin (Doriathrin · Falathrin · Númenórean · Mithrimin · Old) · Telerin (Common) · Tengwar
Mannish Adûnaic · Dalish · Drúadan · Dunlendish · Halethian · Northern Mannish · Pre-Númenórean · Rohanese · Taliska · Westron (Bucklandish · Hobbitish · Stoorish)
Dwarvish Angerthas (Erebor · Moria) · Aulëan · Iglishmêk · Khuzdul
Other Black Speech · Old Entish · Orkish · Valarin · Warg-language
Earlier legendarium Gnomish · Gnomic Letters · Gondolinic Runes · Ilkorin · Keladian · Noldorin (Kornoldorin) · Melkian · Oromëan · Qenya · Valmaric script
Outside the legendarium Animalic · Arktik · Gautisk · Goblin Alphabet · Mágol · Naffarin · New English Alphabet · Nevbosh · Privata Kodo Skauta
Real-world Celtic · English (Old · Middle · AB) · Finnish · Germanic · Gothic · Hebrew · Runic alphabet · Welsh
"A Secret Vice" (book) · "The Lhammas" · "The Tree of Tongues" · Sub-creation


  1. 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Four. Quendi and Eldar: Author's Notes to Quendi and Eldar", Note 9, p. 410
  2. 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, "Quenya Phonology", in Parma Eldalamberon XIX (edited by Christopher Gilson), pp. 18-28
  3. Paul Strack, "Q. 'Avarin pn.", Eldamo (accessed 31 August 2022)
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Quenya Phonology", in Parma Eldalamberon XIX (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 5
  5. David Salo, "Elven-latin: Part 1 of 4" dated 6 February 2022, Elfling (accessed 22 September 2022)
  6. Paul Strack, "Q. 'Lemberin pn.", Eldamo (accessed 31 August 2022)