White Tree of Gondor
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|White Tree of Gondor|
|"The White Tree" by Ted Nasmith|
|Other names||White Tree of Minas Tirith, White Tree of the Eldar|
|Location||Minas Ithil, later Minas Tirith|
|Family||Trees of Galathilion's line|
|Appearance||A white tree with leaves dark on top and silver beneath; and clusters of white blossoms|
The White Tree of Gondor stood as a symbol of Gondor in the Court of the Fountain in Minas Tirith. Its predecessor was a seedling of Nimloth, planted in Minas Ithil, that was destroyed before the end of the Second Age.
The White Tree also appears in the Livery of Elendil, as a motif upon Gondor's flag.
First White Tree
The first White Tree of Gondor came from a fruit that Isildur, at great personal risk, managed to steal from Nimloth the Fair, the White Tree of Númenor, before that one was destroyed at Sauron's insistence. He suffered many wounds during this mission, and he came near death, but when the first leaf opened in the spring, Isildur was healed.
This sapling was brought to Middle-earth on Isildur's ship, and it was eventually planted in Minas Ithil before his house. But when Sauron returned to Middle-earth, he launched a sudden attack in S.A. 3429 that captured Minas Ithil, and he burned the White Tree. Isildur escaped, taking with him again a sapling.
Second White Tree
Third White Tree
- See also: Dead Tree
Since no seedling was found, the tree was left standing after its death "until the King returns". When eventually replaced in T.A. 3019, it was placed in the Tombs of the Kings with royal honours.
Fourth White Tree
When Aragorn became king he discovered (with Gandalf's help) a sapling of the White Tree on the high hallow upon the slopes of Mindolluin, high above the city. This sapling he reverently planted in its place. In June of T.A. 3019 the sapling bloomed.[note 1]
Destroyed by Morgoth and Ungoliant
|Galathilion on Túna|
Made in the image of Telperion
|Celeborn of Tol Eressëa|
|Nimloth of Númenor|
|First Tree of Gondor (Minas Ithil)|
S.A. 3320 - 3429 (planted by Isildur)
|Second Tree of Gondor (Minas Anor)|
T.A. 2 - 1636 (planted by Isildur)
|Third Tree of Gondor (Minas Tirith)|
T.A. 1640 - 2872 (planted by Tarondor)
|Fourth Tree of Gondor (Minas Tirith)|
Since T.A. 3019 (planted by Elessar)
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Second Age"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Gondor and the Heirs of Anárion", "The Stewards"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "The Steward and the King"
- John Garth, The Worlds of J.R.R. Tolkien (2020), Frances Lincoln Publishers & Princeton University Press, p.41