Araval

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Araval
Arnorian
Biographical Information
TitlesKing of Arthedain
LocationArthedain
LanguageSindarin, Westron
BirthT.A. 1711
RuleT.A. 1813 - 1891
DeathT.A. 1891 (aged 180)
Family
HouseHouse of Isildur
ParentageArveleg II
ChildrenAraphant
Physical Description
GenderMale

Araval (T.A. 1711 - 1891,[1] died aged 180) was thirteenth king of Arthedain, coming to the throne in 1813 after the death of his father, Arveleg II.[2]

History

When Araval came to the throne Arthedain had been at war with Angmar for 400 years, and the Dúnedain had achieved very little in preventing the power of this old enemy from spreading.

Araval, in coalition with the Elves of Lindon and Rivendell, went to battle with the forces of Angmar in T.A. 1851 and returned victorious. After this victory, Araval attempted to re-occupy Cardolan, but the "evil wights" (likely referring to the Barrow-wights) terrified anyone who attempted to dwell there.[2]

Unfortunately, Araval's victory was of no avail in the long term: under Araphant, Araval's son, Angmar recovered and continued its attacks on Arnor; and under Arvedui, Araval's grandson, Angmar finally defeated Arthedain, laying Arnor to waste and scattering the remnants of the Dúnedain.

Araval ruled Arthedain for seventy-eight years, and was succeeded by his son Araphant upon his death in 1891.[2][1]

Etymology

Araval is Sindarin. Its meaning is not glossed. It means likely "Golden King"[3] or "King of Gold"[4]. Paul Strack explains, that the intial element of his name is ara ("noble") and its final element might be the lenited form val of malt ("gold") (as suggested by David Salo).[5] His earlier name Arvallen[6] possibly contains mallen ("golden") and has a similar meaning. It is comparable to Argeleb ("Lord of Silver").

Genealogy

Arvegil
1553 - 1743
Arveleg II
1633 - 1813
ARAVAL
1711 - 1891
Araphant
1789 - 1964
Arvedui
1864 - 1974

Other versions of the legendarium

In another manuscript, Araval is said to have driven the evil wights north. An early name for Araval was Arvallen.[2]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "The Realms in Exile", "The Northern Line: Heirs of Isildur"
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "VII. The Heirs of Elendil", pp. 195, 209-210
  3. Jim Allan (1978), An Introduction to Elvish, p. 72
  4. David Salo, "Re: [S] Provection" dated 20 November 2004, Elfling (accessed 22 September 2022) and David Salo, "Re: [S] Provection" dated 20 November 2004, Elfling (accessed 22 September 2022)
  5. Paul Strack, "S. Araval m.", Eldamo - An Elvish Lexicon (accessed 29 July 2021)
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "VII. The Heirs of Elendil", Commentary, commentary to the kings from Argeleb I to Arvedui, 23. p. 209
Araval
House of Isildur
Cadet branch of House of Elros
Born: T.A. 1711 Died: T.A. 1891
Preceded by:
Arveleg II
21st Heir of Isildur
T.A. 1813 - 1891
Followed by:
Araphant
13th King of Arthedain
T.A. 1813 - 1891


The Northern Line and the Heirs of Isildur
Kings of Arnor: Elendil (S.A. 3320 - 3441) · Isildur (S.A. 3441 - T.A. 2) · Valandil (T.A. 2 - 249) · Eldacar (249 - 339) · Arantar (339 - 435) · Tarcil (435 - 515) · Tarondor (515 - 602) · Valandur (602 - 652) · Elendur (652 - 777) · Eärendur (777 - 861)
Kings of Arthedain: Amlaith (861 - 946) · Beleg (946 - 1029) · Mallor (1029 - 1110) · Celepharn (1110 - 1191) · Celebrindor (1191 - 1272) · Malvegil (1272 - 1349) · Argeleb I (1349 - 1356) · Arveleg I (1356 - 1409) · Araphor (1409 - 1589) · Argeleb II (1589 - 1670) · Arvegil (1670 - 1743) · Arveleg II (1743 - 1813) · Araval (1813 - 1891) · Araphant (1891 - 1964) · Arvedui (1964 - 1975) ·
Chieftains of the Dúnedain: Aranarth (1975 - 2106) · Arahael (2106 - 2177) · Aranuir (2177 - 2247) · Aravir (2247 - 2319) · Aragorn I (2319 - 2327) · Araglas (2327 - 2455) · Arahad I (2455 - 2523) · Aragost (2523 - 2588) · Aravorn (2588 - 2654) · Arahad II (2654 - 2719) · Arassuil (2719 - 2784) · Arathorn I (2784 - 2848) · Argonui (2848 - 2912) · Arador (2912 - 2930) · Arathorn II (2930 - 2933) · Aragorn II (2933 - 3019)
Kings of Arnor: Elessar (T.A. 3019 - Fo.A. 120) · Eldarion (Fo.A. 120 onwards)