The Brandybuck Family began as the Oldbuck clan, who named themselves such apparently after a Bucca of the Marish, who became the first Thain of the Shire. Ten Oldbuck Thains followed, until Gorhendad Oldbuck, the twelfth Thain, migrated into Buckland over the river Brandywine.
Gorhendad renamed himself Brandybuck, and began delving the great smials of Brandy Hall. Around the hill was built the village of Bucklebury. Starting with Gorhendad, the head of the Brandybuck family was called the Master of Buckland, or the Master of the Hall, and was in this function the master of Buckland, a virtually independent part of the Shire. The farmers between Stock and Rushey in the Marish also acknowledged the authority of the Master of Buckland.
It was traditional for each of the Masters to have an epigraph attached to their names, such as Gorbadoc "Broadbelt", Saradoc "Scattergold", and the most famous, Meriadoc Brandybuck "the Magnificent".
The Bucklanders were seen as strange and half-foreigners by most of the other Hobbits of the old Shire. However the Bucklanders were not very different from other Hobbits, except that they liked boats, that some of them could swim and that they locked their doors at night (because of the exposure to the Old Forest).
Showing the prominent members of the Brandybuck clan. The figures after the names are those of birth (and death where that is recorded). A dashed line indicates marriage, or when extended vertically, indicates a line of descent with one or more generations not shown. Names in italics signify those who attended Bilbo's Farewell Party on 22 September S.R. 1401. Names in parentheses represent significant hobbits related to the Brandybucks.
- Of the Marish, c. S.R. 740 began building Brandy Hall and changed the family name to Brandybuck
- Known as 'Old Rory'
- Drogo and Primula went boating on the Brandywine River and drowned together.
- Meriadoc's descendants do not appear in any list or family tree and their names are not mentioned anywhere. The only indication that Meriadoc had at least a son, who succeeded him, is the brief reference in Appendix B that Meriadoc and Peregrin Took "handed over their goods and offices to their sons" before leaving the Shire.
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Eriador, Arnor, and the Heirs of Isildur", The North-kingdom and the Dúnedain, p. 1043
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, "Prologue", "Of the Ordering of the Shire", p. 9
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age", entry for the year 2340, p. 1087
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "A Conspiracy Unmasked", pp. 98-99 and p. 107
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, "Prologue", "Concerning Hobbits", p. 4
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix F, "On Translation", Note on three names: Hobbit, Gamgee, and Brandywine., Brandywine., p. 1138
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "Later Events Concerning the Members of the Fellowship of the Ring", entry for the year S.R. 1432, p. 1097
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix C, "Brandybuck of Buckland"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "A Long-expected Party", p. 22
- J.R.R. Tolkien, "Nomenclature of The Lord of the Rings" in Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, entry Brandybuck, p. 754