Years of the Trees
|History of Arda|
|Before the Creation|
|Before the Ages|
|Days before days|
|Years of the Trees (up to Y.T. 1050)|
|Ages of the Children of Ilúvatar|
|First Age (begins in Y.T. 1050|
and overlaps with the Years of the Trees
up to Y.T. 1500)
- Years of the Sun begin in F.A. 1
- Arda made round in S.A. 3319
|Later Ages (up to present day)|
|End of Arda|
|Timeline of Arda|
(See: Round World version of the Silmarillion
for a later conception of Tolkien's cosmology)
The Years of the Trees, also called the Days of Bliss (of Valinor) or the Noontide of Valinor, were the long years that lay between the founding of Valinor and its Darkening. During this time, Valinor was lit by the light of the Two Trees, but Middle-earth lay in the Great Darkness.
History[edit | edit source]
Long before the Elves awoke, Yavanna created the Two Trees of Valinor to give light to realm of the Valar. The Trees first flowered after 3500 Valian Years (i.e. nearly 35,000 ordinary years) had passed.:51 This period began at the Opening Hour, when Telperion first started to bloom alone; on the second hour, the First Day begun, and with it, the beginning of the Count of Time.
So began a reign of peace in Valinor, but Middle-earth was lit by starlight alone, and Melkor worked in the depths of Utumno in the north of the World and its dominion expanded to the south, while Sauron was appointed lieutenant in Angband, anticipating an assault from the West. It is not told how long this time lasted, just that 'the ages drew on'; this period would have lasted roughly 10,500 years. It was during this period that Aulë made the Dwarves, and at Eru's direction, set them to sleep until the creation of the stars and the Awakening of the Elves. The latter event marked the beginning of the First Age.:51:123
When Oromë discovered that the Elves had awoken at Cuiviénen, great changes came about. The Valar began the Battle of the Powers against Melkor; Utumno was destroyed and Melkor brought in chains to Valinor. The Valar also summoned the Elves to dwell in their land, and many answered this summons.
A period of three ages (about 2,900 years) followed. Melkor was imprisoned in the Halls of Mandos, and the Valar and Eldar dwelt together in the light of the Trees. In the darkness of Middle-earth, the Dark Elves who had not journeyed to Valinor still dwelt, and the Fathers of the Dwarves stirred. Men would not appear until some time after the end of the Years of the Trees.
These Years came to an end when Manwë released Melkor from his imprisonment. For a time, the Dark Lord pretended friendship with the Eldar, but he turned back to the darkness. After shining for 1495 Valian Years,:51 they were destroyed by Ungoliant. During the Long Night, they stole the Silmarils and fled back to the north of Middle-earth. Seeking revenge, Fëanor led a great part of the Noldor out of Valinor and back to Beleriand.
Reckoning[edit | edit source]
|Hour 1||Day begins, Telperion's blooming is already on its second phase|
|Hour 3||Telperion reaches his greatest bloom|
|Hour 6||Laurelin begins to bloom and the lights of the two trees are mingled; at the end of the hour, Telperion ceases.|
|Hour 7||Laurelin continues to bloom while Telperion's light remains for some time|
|Hour 9||Laurelin reaches her greatest bloom|
|Hour 12||Telperion begins to bloom and the lights of the two trees are mingled; at the end of the hour (and the day), Laurelin ceases.|
The Tree temporal units can be summarized as::59
|Valian time units||Description||Conversion to our time units|
|1 Valian hour||A single segment of the full flowering of both Trees||7 hours of our time|
|1 Valian day||12 Valian hours or the full flowering of both Trees||(7 x 12) 84 hours of our time or 3.5 of our days|
|1 Valian year||1000 Valian days or 12,000 Valian hours||(7 x 12,000) 84,000 hours of our time or 3500 of our days, corresponding (84,000 / 8766) to 9 years, 212 days, 18 hours|
|1 age of the Valar||100 Valian years (randa)||958 years, 105 days|
Other versions of the legendarium[edit | edit source]
In Tolkien's latest writings where Arda was a round world from its beginning, the Two Trees held the light of the untainted Sun rather than that of the Two Lamps, which did not ever truly exist. In this version of Arda's history, rather than an absence of a Sun or Moon, the darkness that covered Arda was instead due to a great shadow designed by Melkor to spread over the northern lands of Middle-earth, blotting out the light of the Moon and stars and causing day to be a dim twilight at full.
See also[edit | edit source]
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Fëanor and the Unchaining of Melkor"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Two Towers, "Treebeard"
- Robert Foster, The Complete Guide to Middle-earth, entry "First Age", p. 184
- J.E.A. Tyler. The Complete Tolkien Companion, entry "First Age", pp. 242-247
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Morgoth's Ring, "Part Two. The Annals of Aman"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Carl F. Hostetter (ed.), The Nature of Middle-earth, "Part One. Time and Ageing: XVII. Generational Schemes"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Beginning of Days"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Coming of the Elves and the Captivity of Melkor"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Men"
- Robert Foster, The Complete Guide to Middle-earth, entry "Years of the Trees", p. 549-550
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, Part Three: "The Etymologies", entry RAD
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Morgoth's Ring, "Part Five. Myths Transformed"