|"Dale" by Matěj Čadil|
|Location||Kingdom of Dale; Northern Rhovanion on the banks of the River Running, between the south-west and south-east arms of the Lonely Mountain|
|Description||The great township of the Northmen|
|People and History|
|Inhabitants||Men of Dale|
|Created||in T.A. 2590 or See below|
|Events||Sack of Erebor, Battle of Five Armies, Battle of Dale|
|Gallery||Images of Dale|
It was known as a merry town that traded, mainly in food-supplies, for the skills and craft-pieces of the Dwarves. Dale's toy market was the wonder of the North and the town was renowned for its bells.
In T.A. 2590, King Thrór re-established the Kingdom under the Mountain. The realm prospered and about this time, the Northmen living to the south came up the River Running and built Dale. The town shared in the prosperity of the Dwarves and it was initially governed by the Lord of Dale, of whom the last was named Girion.
In 2770, Smaug descended upon the Dwarf-kingdom. Although the Men of Dale fielded warriors against the monster they could not prevent him from killing or scattering the Dwarves and then occupying the Lonely Mountain. After the attack the dragon would crawl out of the Front Gate of the Mountain by night and carry away people (especially maidens) from Dale to eat. The remaining population soon fled and the deserted city fell into ruins.
The death of Smaug and the Battle of Five Armies occurred in 2941. Three years after the battle, Dale was rebuilt by Bard the Bowman, who had killed the dragon and was the descendant of Girion. Dale soon again enjoyed prosperity: Bard founded the Dale as a kingdom and it gathered men from the Long Lake, the South, and the West. Lake-town was rebuilt and grew wealthy from traffic with Dale. Its people became more commonly known as Bardings, after their new ruler.
During the reign of King Brand, the grandson of Bard the Bowman, Dale served as the capital for the lands he ruled, which extended far south and east of Lake-town. However, as Glóin revealed at the Council of Elrond, in 3017 a messenger from Mordor came to ask King Dáin Ironfoot at the gate to the Lonely Mountain for news of Hobbits and to ask for Bilbo's ring. Messengers had also come to King Brand and there were enemies gathering upon the Kingdom of Dale's eastern borders.
During the War of the Ring, the Easterlings crossed the border and moved to attack the city. On 17 March 3019 the Battle of Dale began. Not able to hold back the Easterlings the Bardings and the Dwarves of Erebor, retreated into the Lonely Mountain, but lost Kings Brand and Dáin II Ironfoot who were both slain at the Gate of Erebor. For seven days, the Men and Dwarves barricaded themselves in Erebor until news came from the south of the defeat of Sauron. The new Kings of Dale and Erebor (Bard II and Thorin III Stonehelm), broke the siege and drove the Easterlings out of Dale. Bard later sent an emissary to the coronation of King Aragorn II Elessar and his realm was ever after in perpetual friendship and under the protection of the King of the West.
The word dale means "valley", as it was built in the Celduin valley between two arms of Erebor.
Other versions of the legendarium
According to The Hobbit, Thorin tells Bilbo that the Northmen built “the merry town of Dale” during the time when his grandfather Thror was King under the Mountain, soon after T.A. 2590. This is the only definitive statement of Dale's foundation. However, in the Unfinished Tales of Numenor and Middle-earth, in the section titled “Cirion and Eorl,” the following comment is found (after the defeat of King Narmacil II of Gondor in T.A. 1856):
As for the Northmen, a few, it is said, fled over the Celduin (River Running) and were merged with the folk of Dale under Erebor (with whom they were akin), some took refuge in Gondor, and others were gathered by Marhwini son of Marhari (who fell in the rearguard action after the Battle of the Plains).
—J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Cirion and Eorl and the Friendship of Gondor and Rohan"
It is possible to reconcile the texts if T.A. 1856 is seen as the latest year of the foundation of the first, primitive Northmen settlements in the area with the years after T.A. 2590 as the foundation of the city with the coming of the Dwarves; the canonicity of this, however, is unknown.
Portrayal in adaptations
- The City of Dale appears in the Erebor map, just south-east of the mountain itself. It appears to contain several houses, taverns and bridges, as well as a statue of a man. The city is built around the mountain's river.
- The city appears briefly in the prologue of the film, when the dragon Smaug attacks Erebor.
- After the death of Smaug, the villagers of Lake-town seek refuge in the ruined city. During the Battle of Five Armies, they hide inside Dale while the Lake-men combat the enemy forces. When the Orc army attacks the ruined city, Bard and the Lake-towners run to defend it, leaving the Dwarves and the Elves to protect the gates of Erebor. The Elves later come to join the Men in defending the city.
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "Thrór's Map"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "An Unexpected Party"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "On the Doorstep"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "Fire and Water"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "The Last Stage"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "Many Meetings"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "The Council of Elrond"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Great Years"