House of Haleth
|House of Haleth|
Folk of Haleth, Men of Brethil, Men of Haleth, People of Haleth
|Founder||Haleth took command of her people after her father Haldad was slain by Orcs|
|Locations||Thargelion, Brethil, later Númenor|
|Languages||Mannish tongue (Halethian); Sindarin (rarely)|
|Members||Haldad, Haleth, Haldir, Brandir, Dorlas|
|Average height||Smaller than the Bëorians|
|Gallery||Images of Haladin|
The House of Haleth was the second House of the Edain to come over the Ered Luin into Beleriand and survived longest of all three houses, owing to their defensive strategy during the Wars of Beleriand.
The followers of Haldad and his descendants would become the Folk of Haleth, the Haladin, the Halethrim, Men of Brethil, Men of Haleth, and the People of Haleth.
History[edit | edit source]
Origins[edit | edit source]
- Main article: Pre-Númenóreans
When the core of their team was pressed to wander on, some Drúedain accompanied them northwards[source?], passing through the opening between the Misty Mountains and the White Mountains. Many stayed behind because of the dense forest covering the Minhiriath and the western half of Enedwaith between the Greyflood and the Isen and became herd-tenders. Their descendants were peoples in the forests of the shore-lands south of the Blue Mountains, especially in Minhiriath
Their kin of the White Mountains apparently were later driven off (from the most part) by Men of Darkness during the Dark Years, removed to the southern dales of the Misty Mountains and thence some passed into the empty lands until the Barrow-downs, from whom came the Men of Bree.
In Beleriand[edit | edit source]
The Haladin entered Beleriand in F.A. 312. They came secretly in small parties in the woods of Ossiriand, and were in strife among themselves. The Laegil were unfriendly to them. Their numbers are not known, but they were probably more than 2000.
Unlike The House of Bëor before them and the House of Hador after, they did not advance to Estolad but instead dwelt without leave in the south of Caranthir's realm of Thargelion. The Haladin had no overall leader and so settled in scattered groups in that region.
Morgoth already knew about the coming of hostile Men to Beleriand and sent his servants to afflict the Haladin. So their style of living came to an end in F.A. 375 when a host of orcs assaulted their territory. In answer to this Haldad took command of the people, building a stockade between the angle of the rivers Gelion and Ascar south of Sarn Athrad. There he led the defence of his people until he and his son Haldar were slain whereupon his daughter Haleth took up the leadership of the house and held out for a week until Caranthir's army could relieve them.
In honour of the valiance of Haleth, Caranthir offered the House of Haleth a feif in his lands but Haleth declined and instead led her people away passing through Estolad and Nan Dungortheb before temporarily inhabiting Talath Dirnen. King Thingol of Doriath granted to Haleth the Forest of Brethil on condition that she defended the Crossings of Teiglin. She led then her people (now known as the Halethrim, the House of Haleth in her honour) and they settled as woodsmen centered around the capital of Amon Obel. For the following years they guarded the northern flank of Nargothrond. Both Doriath and Brethil refused to play any great part in the war of the Ñoldor and their allies and only seldom did the Haladin march to war alongside them.
Eventually Haleth died but as she had produced no heirs the title of Chieftain of the Haladin returned to her brother Haldar's line and to his son Haldan. During his rule, in F.A. 436 there was a great feast of the Edain, when two of his grandchildren married into the House of Hador; Haldir, his heir married Hador's daughter Glóredhel, while Hareth married Hador's son Galdor. Hareth's famed brothers Húrin and Huor were fostered for a while by Haldir in Brethil.
Haldan ruled for 31 years before dying leaving the leadership of the house to his son Halmir. Four years after in F.A. 455, Morgoth broke the Siege of Angband in the Dagor Bragollach. As usual, the Halethrim played no active part in the battle but fought the hosts of orcs that threatened their realm with the aid of the Sindar of Doriath under Beleg Cúthalion.
When the Union of Maedhros was formed, Halmir offered the aid of the House of Haleth and made preparations for war but a year prior to the Nirnaeth Arnoediad he died and the promise was left for his son Haldir to fulfill. Haldir took part in the battle where the Haladin covered the retreat of Fingon and suffered heavy losses on Anfauglith. Haldir was slain alongside his brother Hundar.
The son of Haldir Handir took up the leadership but he himself was slain in one of the many orc raids on Brethil at that time and the position passed to his son Brandir. Their defeat allowed the forces of the enemy to access and sack Nargothrond.
Decline[edit | edit source]
It was during the reign of Brandir that Túrin Turambar son of Húrin came to Brethil and became in all but name its leader, leading them in warfare in much the same manner as he had the elves of Nargothrond. Túrin's presence brought the dragon Glaurung to Brethil and though Túrin succeeded in slaying the beast, he slew Brandir in a rage as the final threads sparing him from his doom unravelled. Túrin's suicide ended that period in the history of the Haladin.
But their dealings with Húrin and his cursed kin were not yet over for Húrin himself came among them after twenty eight years of captivity in Angband. Now a broken man he succeeded in sparking a civil war in the House of Haleth owing to his perception of the treatment of his wife whom he found at the grave of their children. Obel Halad was burnt and all potential heirs slain or driven away in the anarchy that followed. In that way did the House of Haleth cease to be in the year F.A. 500. The Drúedain who had dwelt in Beleriand were reduced to a few families of mainly women and children, who fled to the Mouths of Sirion.
Few of the Folk of Haleth had survived the War of Wrath and the ruin of Beleriand, and in the Second Age some of them, with the Drúedain living with them, settled the island of Númenor with the other Edain.
Characteristics[edit | edit source]
Little information is given as to the physical characteristics of the House of Haleth, save for the fact that they were shorter in stature than those of the House of Bëor. The were described as being similar in appearance to members of the House of Bëor, suggesting dark or brown hair and grey eyes.
The Haladin belonged to a different branch than the other Edain of the west, and differed in a number of ways. They spoke Halethian, an unrelated dialect of Mannish, and although some of them learned Sindarin to communicate with the Eldar and the other Edain, they were not fluent in it.
They were secretive and conservative, unwilling to adopt new things and customs, remaining apart, preferring solitude and to protect their woodlands instead of allying themselves with the Elves and participating to the greater events. They had their own customs and practices that seemed strange to the Elves and Edain alike, like their ancient practice of having women warriors and amazons (like Haleth, who had a picked bodyguard of women), perhaps owing to their small numbers.
Indeed, they excelled in forest warfare, and Orcs, even especially trained for this, dared not to cross their borders. They had a few dealings with the outsiders except their participation to the War where they proved loyal allies; reflecting their population, they sent small companies (rarely women) beyond their borders, who were esteemed as redoubtable warriors.
In battle they bore axes.
Other names[edit | edit source]
Terminology[edit | edit source]
In the notes to the Wanderings of Húrin, Christopher Tolkien points out an interesting usage of the term Haladin. It would seem that Tolkien at some point intended Haladin to refer only to the House of Haleth and not the Folk of Haleth as a whole. In an isolated slip, headed Names, Tolkien also considered changing the term for a ruler of the People of Haleth from Halad to Halbar, meaning "Chieftain."
Whether this definition of Haladin would have survived into the final intent is questionable. This article takes the more widely used definition of referring to the entire People of Haleth.
Genealogy[edit | edit source]
A dagger symbol '†' signifies those who did not die of old age. A name preceded by '#*' indicates a ruler of the house, with the number specifying the order.
Notes[edit | edit source]
- Haldad was slain in the Battle of the Gelion-Ascar Stockade.
- While trying to recover his father's body at the Battle of the Gelion-Ascar Stockade, Haldar was slain.
- Haldir died in the Nirnaeth Arnoediad.
- Hundar was a member of Haldir's army and died in the Nirnaeth Arnoediad.
- Handir died in an attack by Orcs north of the Forest of Brethil.
- In wrath Túrin slew Brandir, refusing to believe Brandir's words about Níniel's being Túrin's sister.
- The Folk of Brethil were angered by Hardang actions and burned the Hall of the Chieftains. Hardang attempted to escape but was hit with a spear in his back and he perished.
- Just after Hunthor saved Túrin from falling into the river, a stone struck Hunthor's head and he was lost in the Taeglin.
- While returning from giving Morwen, Húrin's wife, a proper burial, Manthor was shot with an arrow by Avranc.
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "Of Dwarves and Men"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix F, "The Languages and Peoples of the Third Age", "Of Men"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Two. The Later Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Coming of Men into the West (Chapter 14)", p. 227
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "X. Of Dwarves and Men", "The Atani and their Languages"
- Robert Foster, The Complete Guide to Middle-earth, entry "Haladin"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "The Grey Annals": Note on §161
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Ruin of Beleriand and the Fall of Fingolfin"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Three. The Wanderings of Húrin and Other Writings not forming part of the Quenta Silmarillion: I. The Wanderings of Húrin", pp. 291-4
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Drúedain", third paragraph
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "XII. The Problem of Ros", Note 17
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Drúedain", "Notes", note 7
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Drúedain", "Notes", note 2
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Coming of Men into the West"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "X. Of Dwarves and Men", "Notes", #50
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Three. The Wanderings of Húrin and Other Writings not forming part of the Quenta Silmarillion: I. The Wanderings of Húrin", p. 270
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Children of Húrin, "The Death of Glaurung", p. 247
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Three. The Wanderings of Húrin and Other Writings not forming part of the Quenta Silmarillion: I. The Wanderings of Húrin", p. 309