Hyarmendacil I

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Hyarmendacil I
Gondorian
Matěj Čadil - Hyarmendacil I of Gondor.jpg
"Hyarmendacil I of Gondor" by Matěj Čadil
Biographical Information
Other namesCiryaher
TitlesKing of Gondor
LocationGondor
LanguageWestron
BirthT.A. 899
RuleT.A. 1015 - 1149 (134 years)
DeathT.A. 1149 (aged 250)
Family
HouseHouse of Anárion
ParentageCiryandil
ChildrenAtanatar II
Physical Description
GenderMale
GalleryImages of Hyarmendacil I

Hyarmendacil I, born Ciryaher (Q, pron. [kiˈrʲaher]; T.A. 899[1]1149, aged 250 years[2]) was the fifteenth King of Gondor and the fourth and last of the Ship-kings.[3]

History[edit]

Ciryaher was the son of King Ciryandil, one of the Ship-kings.[4]

Ciryaher ascended the throne after his father Ciryandil was slain during a siege of Umbar in T.A. 1015[5] by the Haradrim, which were led by lords that had been driven from Umbar after it had been conquered by his grandfather Eärnil I.[6] The siege of Umbar lasted for many years, but the Haradrim could not take Umbar, because of the power of the ships of Gondor.[4]

Ciryaher began his reign by building up Gondor's army and navy, When he had assembled enough forces, Ciryaher came from Gondor by sea and by land. His armies crossed the river Harnen and completely defeated the Haradrim. The kings of the Men of Harad were forced to acknowledge the overlordship of Gondor in T.A. 1050 and their sons lived as hostages in the court of the King of Gondor. After this victory he took the name Hyarmendacil, which means "South-victor".[4]

During his reign Gondor reached its greatest extent and power. Gondor extended north to the Field of Celebrant and to the southern end of Mirkwood, west to the river Greyflood, east to the inland Sea of Rhûn, south to the river Harnen and along the coast to the peninsula and haven of Umbar. The Men of the Vales of Anduin acknowledged the authority of Gondor. For the rest of his reign Gondor was at peace, because no enemies dared to attack Gondor. The watch on Mordor was maintained through great fortresses that guaraded the passes to Mordor.[4]

Hyarmendacil reigned for one hundred and thirty-four years, which was the longest reign of all the Kings of Gondor of the line of Anárion, except one.[4] He was the last of the Ship-kings and was succeeded by his lazy son Atanatar II Alcarin.[7]

Etymology[edit]

Ciryaher is a name Quenya. Its meaning is not glossed, but as Paul Strack explains, it probably means "Ship Lord" and be a compound of cirya ("ship") and heru ("lord").[8]

Hyarmendacil is Quenya. It means "South-victor".[4] It is a compound of hyarmen ("south") and -(n)dacil ("victor").[9]

Genealogy[edit]

 
 
Eärnil I
736 - 936
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ciryandil
820 - 1015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
HYARMENDACIL I
899 - 1149
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Atanatar II
977 - 1226
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Narmacil I
1049 - 1294
 
Calmacil
1058 - 1304


Other versions of the legendarium[edit]

A late manuscript of what would later become Appendix A also mentioned that after his victory over the kings of Harad, Gondor occupied all the land south of the mouths of the river Anduin up to the river Harnen and the borders of Near Harad and all the coastland as far as Umbar. It also mentions that Umbar became a great fortress and haven for the ships of Gondor and that only king Tarondor reigned longer than Hyarmendacil.[1]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "VII. The Heirs of Elendil", manuscript C with corrections and expansions, The Southern Line of Gondor: the Anarioni, 15. Hyarmendakil I
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "The Realms in Exile", "The Southern Line: Heirs of Anarion", Kings of Gondor, Hyarmendakil I (Ciryaher)
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "The Realms in Exile", "The Southern Line: Heirs of Anarion", Kings of Gondor
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Gondor and the Heirs of Anárion", entry for king Ciryaher
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age", entry for the year 1015
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Gondor and the Heirs of Anárion", entry for king Eärnil I and for king Ciryandil
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Gondor and the Heirs of Anárion", entry for king Atanatar Alcarin
  8. Paul Strack, "Q. Ciryaher m.", Eldamo - An Elvish Lexicon (accessed 28 July 2021)
  9. Paul Strack, "Q. Hyarmendacil m.", Eldamo - An Elvish Lexicon (accessed 28 July 2021)
Hyarmendacil I
House of Anárion
Cadet branch of House of Elros
Born: T.A. 899 Died: T.A. 1149
Preceded by:
Ciryandil
15th King of Gondor
T.A. 1015 - 1149
Followed by:
Atanatar II Alcarin


The Southern Line and the Heirs of Anárion
Kings of Gondor: Elendil (S.A. 3320 - 3441) · Isildur (S.A. 3441 - T.A. 2) and Anárion (S.A. 3320 - 3440) · Meneldil (T.A. 2 - 158) · Cemendur (158 - 238) · Eärendil (238 - 324) · Anardil (324 - 411) · Ostoher (411 - 492) · Rómendacil I (492 - 541) · Turambar (541 - 667) · Atanatar I (667 - 748) · Siriondil (748 - 830) · Tarannon Falastur (830 - 913) · Eärnil I (913 - 936) · Ciryandil (936 - 1015) · Hyarmendacil I (1015 - 1149) · Atanatar II Alcarin (1149 - 1226) · Narmacil I (1226 - 1294) · Calmacil (1294 - 1304) · Rómendacil II (1304 - 1366) · Valacar (1366 - 1432) · Eldacar (1432 - 1437) · Castamir the Usurper (1437 - 1447) · Eldacar restored (1447 - 1490) · Aldamir (1490 - 1540) · Hyarmendacil II (1540 - 1621) · Minardil (1621 - 1634) · Telemnar (1634 - 1636) · Tarondor (1636 - 1798) · Telumehtar Umbardacil (1798 - 1850) · Narmacil II (1850 - 1856) · Calimehtar (1856 - 1936) · Ondoher (1936 - 1944) · Eärnil II (1945 - 2043) · Eärnur (2043 - 2050)
Stewards of Gondor: Húrin of Emyn Arnen (c. T.A. 1630s) · Pelendur (before T.A. 1944 - 1998) · Vorondil (1998 - 2029) · Mardil Voronwë (2029 - 2080) · Eradan (2080 - 2116) · Herion (2116 - 2148) · Belegorn (2148 - 2204) · Húrin I (2204 - 2244) · Túrin I (2244 - 2278) · Hador (2278 - 2395) · Barahir (2395 - 2412) · Dior (2412 - 2435) · Denethor I (2435 - 2477) · Boromir (2477 - 2489) · Cirion (2489 - 2567) · Hallas (2567 - 2605) · Húrin II (2605 - 2628) · Belecthor I (2628 - 2655) · Orodreth (2655 - 2685) · Ecthelion I (2685 - 2698) · Egalmoth (2698 - 2743) · Beren (2743 - 2763) · Beregond (2763 - 2811) · Belecthor II (2811 - 2872) · Thorondir (2872 - 2882) · Túrin II (2882 - 2914) · Turgon (2914 - 2953) · Ecthelion II (2953 - 2984) · Denethor II (2984 - 3019) · Faramir (T.A. 3019 - Fo.A. 82) · Elboron (Fo.A. 82 onwards)
Kings of Gondor: Elessar (T.A. 3019 - Fo.A. 120) · Eldarion (Fo.A. 120 onwards)
Non-ruling stewards are in italics