King of Númenor

From Tolkien Gateway

The King of Númenor was the title of twenty-two rulers of Númenor (there were also three Ruling Queens). Beginning with Elros Tar-Minyatur in S.A. 32, the line of kings lasted for 3,287 years, until Ar-Pharazôn brought about the Downfall of Númenor.[1]

All the Kings of Númenor used either the Quenya prefix Tar or the Adûnaic prefix Ar before their royal name. Both prefixes meant "High".

The Line of Kings of Númenor
  Name Reign Notes
1. Elros Tar-Minyatur S.A. 32S.A. 442 A lord of the Edain and founder of the Kingdom of Númenor.
2. Vardamir S.A. 442 Better known as Vardamir Nólimon. His rule was only titular.
3. Tar-Amandil S.A. 442S.A. 590  
4. Tar-Elendil S.A. 590S.A. 740 During his reign Númenóreans first sailed back to Middle-earth.
5. Tar-Meneldur S.A. 740S.A. 883 Younger brother of Silmariën. Established the first Númenórean havens in Middle-earth.
6. Tar-Aldarion S.A. 883S.A. 1075 Founded the Guild of Venturers
7. Tar-Ancalimë S.A. 1075S.A. 1280 1st Ruling Queen.
8. Tar-Anárion S.A. 1280S.A. 1394  
9. Tar-Súrion S.A. 1394S.A. 1556  
10. Tar-Telperiën S.A. 1556S.A. 1731 2nd Ruling Queen.
11. Tar-Minastir S.A. 1731S.A. 1869 With High King Gil-galad defeats Sauron and ends the War of the Elves and Sauron.
12. Tar-Ciryatan S.A. 1869S.A. 2029 Númenóreans begin military occupation of other lands.
13. Tar-Atanamir S.A. 2029S.A. 2221 First king to speak against the Ban of the Valar.
14. Tar-Ancalimon S.A. 2221S.A. 2386 Establishment of the King's Men and the Faithful.
15. Tar-Telemmaitë S.A. 2386S.A. 2526  
16. Tar-Vanimeldë S.A. 2526S.A. 2637 3rd Ruling Queen. Disinterested, she allows her husband to rule the kingdom for her.
Tar-Anducal S.A. 2637S.A. 2657 Illegally claimed Kingship of Númenor. After his death he was removed from the Line of Kings.
17. Tar-Alcarin S.A. 2657S.A. 2737  
18. Ar-Belzagar, Tar-Calmacil S.A. 2737S.A. 2825 First king to adopt an Adûnaic name.
19. Ar-Abattârik, Tar-Ardamin S.A. 2825S.A. 2899  
20. Ar-Adûnakhôr S.A. 2899S.A. 2962 He banned the speaking of Quenya. Elves from Tol Eressëa now only visited in secret.
21. Ar-Zimrathôn S.A. 2962S.A. 3033  
22. Ar-Sakalthôr S.A. 3033S.A. 3102  
23. Ar-Gimilzôr S.A. 3102S.A. 3177 Openly persecuted the Faithful.
24. Tar-Palantir S.A. 3177S.A. 3255 Attempted to bring back the old traditions of Númenor.
Tar-Míriel The legitimate heiress of the Sceptre. She would have been the 4th Ruling Queen.
25. Ar-Pharazôn S.A. 3255S.A. 3319 Usurped the Sceptre. Defeated and captured Sauron who later corrupted him.
Led the Great Armament fleet to break the Ban of the Valar, causing the Downfall of Númenor.

Other names

The title was rendered as Ârû 'nAdûnâi ("King of the Anadunians") in Adûnaic.[2]

The term King of the Númenóreans is attested once in the list of Kings.[3] It was later applied by Arwen to King Aragorn in his deathbed,[4] probably in a poetic sense, as Aragorn had restored the glory of the Númenórean lineage and was dying as the old royal customs of Númenor.

See also

For the family tree of the rulers of Númenor and their relations, see the House of Elros.

References

Kings of Númenor
Elros Tar-Minyatur (S.A. 32 - 442) · Tar-Vardamir* (442) · Tar-Amandil (442 - 590) · Tar-Elendil (590 - 740) · Tar-Meneldur (740 - 883) · Tar-Aldarion (883 - 1075) · Tar-AncalimëQ (1075 - 1280) · Tar-Anárion (1280 - 1394) · Tar-Súrion (1394 - 1556) · Tar-TelperiënQ (1556 - 1731) · Tar-Minastir (1731 - 1869) · Tar-Ciryatan (1869 - 2029) · Tar-Atanamir (2029 - 2221) · Tar-Ancalimon (2221 - 2386) · Tar-Telemmaitë (2386 - 2526) · Tar-VanimeldëQ (2526 - 2637) · Tar-Anducal (2637 - 2657) · Tar-Alcarin (2657 - 2737) · Tar-Calmacil (2737 - 2825) · Tar-Ardamin (2825 - 2899) · Ar-Adûnakhôr (2899 - 2962) · Ar-Zimrathôn (2962 - 3033) · Ar-Sakalthôr (3033 - 3102) · Ar-Gimilzôr (3102 - 3177) · Tar-Palantir (3177 - 3255) · Ar-Pharazôn (3255 - 3319)
* Immediately abdicated in favour of his son · Q Ruling Queens · Usurped throne. Later struck off the Line of Kings · Usurped throne from his cousin Tar-Míriel
Númenor
Andor · Atalantë · Elenna · Mar-nu-Falmar · Númenórë · Westernesse
Regions Andustar · Arandor · Emerië · Forostar · Hyarastorni · Hyarnustar · Hyarrostar · Mittalmar · Nísimaldar · Orrostar
Towns and cities Almaida · Andúnië · Armenelos · Eldalondë · Moriondë · Nindamos · Ondosto · Rómenna
Buildings Calmindon · Eämbar · King's Court · Temple · White House of Erendis
Natural features Bay of Eldanna · Bay of Rómenna · Firth of Rómenna · Hallow of Eru · Meneltarma (mountain) · Nísinen (lake) · North Cape · Nunduinë (river) · Oromet (mountain) · Siril (river) · Sorontil (mountain) · Tarmasundar (ridges) · Tompollë
Plants and trees Fragrant Trees · Lairelossë · Laurinquë · Lavaralda · Nessamelda · Nimloth · Oiolairë · Taniquelassë · Vardarianna · Yavannamírë
Heirlooms Aranrúth · Bow of Bregor · Dramborleg · Elendilmir · Narsil · Palantíri · Ring of Barahir · Sceptre of Annúminas · Sceptre of Númenor · Tile and Textiles · Helmet
Concepts Adûnaic · Ban of the Valar · Council of the Sceptre · Downfall of Númenor · Great Bear-dance · Heirship · Númenórean Sindarin · Three Prayers (Eruhantalë · Erukyermë · Erulaitalë)
Key people Aldarion · Amandil · Anárion · Captain of the King's Ships · Elendil · Elros (House of Elros) · Erendis · Faithful · Great Armament · Guild of Venturers · Guild of Weaponsmiths · Isildur · Kings and Queens of Númenor · King's Archers · King's Men · Lords of Andúnië · Meneldur · Miriel · Palantir · Pharazôn · Sauron · Silmariën
Main texts The Silmarillion ("Akallabêth") · Unfinished Tales ("A Description of the Island of Númenor" · "Aldarion and Erendis: The Mariner's Wife" · "The Line of Elros: Kings of Númenor") · The Lord of the Rings ("Appendix A" · "Appendix B") · The Nature of Middle-earth ("Lives of the Númenóreans" · "Of the land and beasts of Númenor")