|"Until the world is broken and remade" by Jenny Dolfen|
|Other names||Tar-Minyatur (Q), Elerossë (Q), Gimilzôr (A)|
|Titles||King of Númenor|
|Location||Havens of Sirion|
|Language||Adûnaic, Sindarin, Quenya|
|Birth||F.A. 532 |
Havens of Sirion, Beleriand
|Rule||S.A. 32 - 442 (410 years)|
|Death||S.A. 442 (aged 500)|
|Notable for||Founding the line of Kings of Númenor|
|House||Descended from all three Houses of the Edain and elven houses of Fingolfin and Thingol, founded the House of Elros|
|Heritage||Half-elven father, Half-elven mother|
|Parentage||Eärendil & Elwing|
Maglor (foster father)
|Children||Vardamir, Tindómiel, Manwendil and Atanalcar|
|Gallery||Images of Elros|
Elros was the son of Eärendil, the great hero of the First Age, and his wife Elwing. He was the twin brother of Elrond and both were Half-elven. Choosing to live as a mortal Man, he became a lord of the Edain and the first King of Númenor, taking the name Tar-Minyatur.
Elros and Elrond were born in the Havens of Sirion during the darkest days of the First Age, when the forces of Morgoth controlled most of Beleriand. When the twins were just six years old, the Sons of Fëanor, bound by their Oath, assaulted the Havens in the Third Kinslaying since they desired the Silmaril on the Nauglamír held by Elwing. Eärendil was at sea, and Elwing escaped with the Nauglamír and jumped into the sea. Maedhros and Maglor, the only Sons of Fëanor to survive the assault upon the Havens, took Elros and Elrond as captives and abandoned them in a cave with a fall of water over the entrance instead of killing them. But Maglor took pity upon Elrond and Elros and rescued them and a mutual love grew between Maglor and the young twins afterwards. Elros was given the name "Elf of the spray" or "star-foam" (see Etymology), because Elros was found playing in the water of the waterfall.
After the War of Wrath and the destruction of Beleriand, the Valar gave the twin Peredhil the choice over their race and fate. Elros chose the Gift of Men, but still, he was blessed with a life longer than any other mortal Man's.
In the first years of the Second Age, the Valar had prepared for the Edain, as a reward for their struggle against Morgoth, a large island in the western part of the Great Sea. Now by right a lord of the Edain[note 1], Elros led his people across the sea, guided by the Star of Eärendil his father, to the island. For this the island was called Elenna meaning "starwards", and was the closest of mortal lands to the Blessed Realm, though Men were forbidden to go so far westward that the coasts of Elenna were no longer visible. The Valar also gave the Edain substantially longer lifespans than those of Men remaining in Middle-earth, and Elros and his descendants had the longest lives of all the people.
Elros founded the realm of Númenor and became its first King in the year 32 of the Second Age. He took a royal name in Quenya, Tar-Minyatur, thus setting a tradition for the kings of Númenor to take a royal name in Quenya. He brought with him the Ring of Barahir, the Axe of Tuor, the Bow of Bregor and Thingol's sword Aranrúth as family heirlooms.
Elros had four children: three sons, Vardamir Nólimon, Manwendil, and Atanalcar; and one daughter, Tindómiel.[note 2] After living five centuries, and ruling Númenor for 410 years, Elros died and his son Vardamir Nólimon took up the Sceptre of Númenor as Tar-Vardamir. But because Elros had lived so long, Tar-Vardamir was already old, and was thus only a titular King: he immediately surrendered the Sceptre to his son, Tar-Amandil.
In a letter from 1958 J.R.R. Tolkien explained that Elros is a Sindarin name that he was given, because he was found playing in the water of a waterfall that fell over the entrance to a cave and that the name is a compound of eld>ell, the Sindarin term for the High-Elven exiles, and ros based on primitve Elvish rossē meaning "dew, spray (of fall or fountain)". In an essay that was probably written between 1959 and 1960 J.R.R. Tolkien translated the name as "Star-glitter". In an excursus on the names of Finwë's descendants that was written in 1968 or later J.R.R. Tolkien translated the name as "star-foam". The Sindarin elements are el ("star") and ros ("foam"). In an essay on "The Problem of Ros" that was written in 1969 or later J.R.R. Tolkien considered the possibility that ros was a Bëorian word for "foam" and for the "white crest of waves", but he rejected this idea, because of the Sindarin name Cair Andros.
After Elros ascended the throne of Númenor he was known by the Quenya title, Tar-Minyatur in the Scroll of Kings. Tar-Minyatur means "High first-ruler" in Quenya, consisting of tar ("high") + minya ("first") + tur ("master, lord"). All the Kings and Queens after Elros also used the prefix Tar- in their royal titles in the Scroll of Kings.
In early versions of the legendarium, Elros' Adûnaic name was Indilzar, which was changed to Gimilzôr. However, in later versions of the Númenórean tale (Ar-)Gimilzôr was the name of the twenty-third King of Númenor.
b. F.A. 472
born during Y.T.
F.A. 470 - 506
d. F.A. 506
b. F.A. 503
b. F.A. 503
F.A. 532 - S.A. 442
b. F.A. 532
S.A. 61 - 471
192 - 603
Portrayal in adaptations
- Elros is depicted on a tapestry in the House of Lore on Numenor.
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Three. The Wanderings of Húrin and Other Writings not forming part of the Quenta Silmarillion: V. The Tale of Years", version C of the manuscript, year changed to [>532], p. 348
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Line of Elros: Kings of Númenor", first page of the chapter
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Voyage of Eärendil and the War of Wrath"
- J.R.R. Tolkien; Humphrey Carpenter, Christopher Tolkien (eds.), The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, Letter 211, (dated 14 October 1958), answer to Question 4
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Akallabêth: The Downfall of Númenor"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "A Description of the Island of Númenor", "Notes", Note 2
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Aldarion and Erendis: The Mariner's Wife", "The earlier generations of the Line of Elros"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Four. Quendi and Eldar: Author's Notes to Quendi and Eldar", Note 26, second paragraph about Hadhodrond
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "XI. The Shibboleth of Fëanor", "The names of Finwë's descendants", paragraph about the names of Elrond and Elros, p. 349
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Index of Names", entry Elros
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names", entries êl and ros
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "XII. The Problem of Ros", p. 369
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Line of Elros: Kings of Númenor", first paragraph
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "XI. The Shibboleth of Fëanor", "The names of Finwë's descendants", paragraph about Itarilde (Idril), p. 348
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names", entries minas, tar-, tur
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Line of Elros: Kings of Númenor", first paragraph and I to XXV
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "V. The History of the Akallabêth", p. 164
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Sauron Defeated, "Part Three: The Drowning of Anadûnê, with the Third Version of The Fall of Númenor, and Lowdham's Report on the Adunaic Language", pp. 380-1 (§20)
House of Elros
|1st King of Númenor|
S.A. 32 - 442
|Kings of Númenor|
|Elros Tar-Minyatur (S.A. 32 - 442) · Tar-Vardamir* (442) · Tar-Amandil (442 - 590) · Tar-Elendil (590 - 740) · Tar-Meneldur (740 - 883) · Tar-Aldarion (883 - 1075) · Tar-AncalimëQ (1075 - 1280) · Tar-Anárion (1280 - 1394) · Tar-Súrion (1394 - 1556) · Tar-TelperiënQ (1556 - 1731) · Tar-Minastir (1731 - 1869) · Tar-Ciryatan (1869 - 2029) · Tar-Atanamir (2029 - 2221) · Tar-Ancalimon (2221 - 2386) · Tar-Telemmaitë (2386 - 2526) · Tar-VanimeldëQ (2526 - 2637) · Tar-Anducal† (2637 - 2657) · Tar-Alcarin (2657 - 2737) · Tar-Calmacil (2737 - 2825) · Tar-Ardamin (2825 - 2899) · Ar-Adûnakhôr (2899 - 2962) · Ar-Zimrathôn (2962 - 3033) · Ar-Sakalthôr (3033 - 3102) · Ar-Gimilzôr (3102 - 3177) · Tar-Palantir (3177 - 3255) · Ar-Pharazôn‡ (3255 - 3319)|
|* Immediately abdicated in favour of his son · Q Ruling Queens · † Usurped throne. Later struck off the Line of Kings · ‡ Usurped throne from his cousin Tar-Míriel|