Tolkien Gateway


"...It is a long tale..." — Aragorn
This article or section needs expansion and/or modification. Please help the wiki by expanding it.
"Who told you, and who sent you?" — Gandalf
This article or section needs more/new/more-detailed sources to conform to a higher standard and to provide proof for claims made.
Jef Murray - Edoras.jpg
"Edoras" by Jed Murray
General Information
LocationHarrowdale in Rohan, a valley of the White Mountains
DescriptionBuilt on a hill, with Meduseld on its top
People and History
CreatedT.A. 2569[1]
GalleryImages of Edoras

Edoras was the capital of Rohan that held the Golden Hall of Meduseld.


[edit] History

Rohan's first capital was at Aldburg in the Folde, until King Eorl the Young or his son Brego built Edoras.

Wulf son of Freca the Dunlending, invaded Rohan in T.A. 2758 and took Edoras usurping the throne in Meduseld. But the Long Winter, which had lasted five long months, ended and Fréaláf son of Hild came out of Dunharrow and with a small band of men, surprising Wulf, he attacked Edoras and slew Wulf, regaining the city.

It was here that Aragorn, Gimli, Legolas, and Gandalf the White met with Théoden.

[edit] Geography

The city was built on a hill in Harrowdale, a valley of the White Mountains which lay under the great mountain Starkhorn. The river Snowbourn flowed past Edoras on its way west towards the Entwash.

Edoras was encircled by a wall, and a dike dug around the hill. It had a spring whose water flowed in a channel along the main road.

Outside, there was the Barrowfield, with the tombs of the Rulers of Rohan arrayed in two lines by the War of the Ring. Simbelmynë grew there. A rutted road led from the city past Snowbourn.

[edit] Etymology

The name Edoras is said to mean "the courts" in the Mark-speech of Rohan.[2]

In Old English, edoras (plural of edor, eodor) means "dwellings, houses".[3]

[edit] Portrayal in adaptations

2001-03: The Lord of the Rings (film series)

Edoras was built on Mount Sunday.

2012: The Lord of the Rings Online

Unlike many in-game settlements much smaller in size and prominence, Edoras is not considered a "capital" of its region. This is because early in the story Edoras is evacuated, with all inhabitants moving to Dunharrow, and for the majority of the game Edoras sits empty. Instead, Aldburg functions as the "capital settlement" of the Western Rohan, hosting the hub for swift travel and various player facilities.


  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Unfinished index for The Lord of the Rings", in Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, p. 247
  3. Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, p. 247