|"Finrod - First Encounter with Edain" by Elena Kukanova|
|Other names||Findaráto/Artafindë (T/Q, fn)|
Ingoldo (Q, mn)
Nóm or Nómin (T)
|Titles||King of Nargothrond|
|Affiliation||Quest for the Silmaril|
|Language||Quenya, Telerin, Sindarin and Taliska|
|Birth||Y.T. 1300 |
|Rule||F.A. 52 - 465|
|Death||F.A. 465 (aged c. 2381 years[note 1])|
|House||House of Finarfin|
|Parentage||Finarfin & Eärwen|
|Siblings||Angrod, Aegnor and Galadriel|
|Spouse||Lover of Amarië|
|Clothing||Ring of Barahir|
|Gallery||Images of Finrod Felagund|
- "King Finrod Felagund, fairest and most beloved of the house of Finwë."
- ― Quenta Silmarillion, "Of Beren and Lúthien"
Finrod was an Elven king of the Noldor, eldest son of Finarfin and older brother to Angrod, Aegnor and Galadriel. Finrod was like his father in his fair face and golden hair, and also in his noble and generous heart.
Finrod was among those who opposed Fëanor and the Exile of the Noldor. However, when the Noldor were set to depart from Aman, he joined them, for he would not be sundered from his friends and his people who were eager to go. Also, he had no wish to abandon his people to Fëanor's rule.
Return of the Noldor
Finrod, along with his father, led the rear of the host along with many of the noblest and wisest of the Noldor; and often they looked behind them to see their fair city, especially Finrod, for he had to leave Amarië behind. With him, he brought along many treasures from Tirion, including his Ring.
Finrod and his people did not participate in the Kinslaying at Alqualondë. While they were travelling up the coast of Araman, the Vala Mandos appeared and pronounced the Doom of the Noldor, and in that hour, Finarfin forsook the march and returned to Valinor with many of his people. However, Finrod and his siblings went forward still and led their people on the long and perilous march to Middle-earth.
Life in Beleriand
After their victory in the Dagor-nuin-Giliath, the Noldor started building their numerous realms. Finrod established the tower of Minas Tirith on the island of Tol Sirion. Once, while journeying southward along the river Sirion, Finrod and his friend Turgon encamped upon its banks. Ulmo, coming up the river, laid a deep sleep upon them and heavy dreams; and it seemed to each that he was bidden to prepare for a day of evil, and to establish a retreat, lest Morgoth should burst from Angband and overthrow the armies of the North.
Now on a time Finrod and his sister Galadriel were guests of King Elu Thingol, their kinsman in Doriath. There, Finrod told Thingol of his admiration for the halls of Menegroth; and Thingol spoke to him of the deep gorge of the river Narog and told him about the caves under the High Faroth in its deep western shore. Thus Finrod came to the Caverns of Narog and established there deep halls and armouries; and that stronghold was called Nargothrond. In this he was aided by the Dwarves of the Blue Mountains, and Finrod rewarded them with many jewels from Valinor. In that time, the Nauglamír was made for him, the Necklace of the Dwarves. After Nargothrond was made, Finrod committed Minas Tirith to the keeping of Orodreth, his nephew, and was referred to by the additional name of Felagund, an honorific title given him by the Dwarves, meaning a "Maker of Caves".
Encounter with Men
When over three hundred years had passed since the Noldor came to Beleriand, Finrod journeyed east of Sirion and went hunting with Maglor and Maedhros, two of the sons of Fëanor. But he wearied of the hunt and passed on alone towards the mountains of Ered Lindon. There, in the lands of Thargelion, in East Beleriand, Finrod was the first of the Noldor to come across Men. These were the kindred and followers of Bëor The Old. He went among them while they were sleeping and, picking up a harp which Bëor had laid aside, played music upon it such as the ears of men had not heard. When the men awoke and listened to his song, each thought that he was in some fair dream. He long stayed with them, learning their language and teaching them Sindarin. He also intervened on behalf of the Laiquendi of Ossiriand, who feared Men would destroy their home, and he got permission of Thingol, who held rule over all Beleriand, to guide the Men to Estolad.
Finrod had a close friendship with Andreth of the House of Bëor, whom he often visited during the Siege of Angband to converse with her on the matters of Elves and Men. One such conversation was written down and later known as Athrabeth Finrod ah Andreth.
Finrod participated in the Dagor Bragollach, fighting in the Fen of Serech, when he was surrounded by Orcs. It was Barahir of the House of Bëor who saved his life, and Finrod swore an oath of abiding friendship and aid in every need to Barahir and all his kin. As a token he gave Barahir his ring, which became known as the Ring of Barahir.
Quest for the Silmaril
When, ten years later, Barahir's son Beren came to Nargothrond seeking help, Finrod went with him on the Quest for the Silmaril to repay his debt. Celegorm and Curufin, who were living in Nargothrond at the time, persuaded (using barely veiled threats related to their Oath) most of Nargothrond to stay behind. Only ten warriors, headed by one Edrahil, were faithful and came with them. Beneath the Shadowy Mountains they came upon a company of Orcs, and slew them all in their camp. They took their gear and weapons, and by the magic of Finrod, their own forms and faces were changed to the likeness of Orcs. Thus disguised, they came far upon their northward road between Ered Wethrin and the highlands of Taur-nu-Fuin. However, the twelve were captured and imprisoned by Sauron on Tol-in-Gaurhoth ("Isle of Werewolves").
Thus befell the contest of Finrod and Sauron. Finrod strove with Sauron in songs of power, and the power of the Elven King was very great. But in the end, Sauron had the mastery. It is told in the Lay of Leithian:
He chanted a song of wizardry,
Of piercing, opening, of treachery,
Revealing, uncovering, betraying.
Then sudden Felagund there swaying
sang in answer a song of staying,
Resisting, battling against power,
Of secrets kept, strength like a tower,
And trust unbroken, freedom, escape;
Of changing and of shifting shape,
Of snares eluded, broken traps,
The prison opening, the chain that snaps,
Backwards and forwards swayed their song.
Reeling and foundering, as ever more strong
The chanting swelled, Felagund fought,
And all the magic and might he brought,
Of Elvenesse into his words.
Softly in the gloom they heard the birds
Singing afar in Nargothrond,
The sighing of the sea beyond,
Beyond the western world, on sand,
On sand of pearls in Elvenland.
Then the gloom gathered; darkness growing
In Valinor, the red blood flowing
Beside the sea, where the Noldor slew
The Foamriders, and stealing drew
Their white ships with their white sails
From lamplit havens. The wind wails,
The wolf howls. The ravens flee.
The ice mutters in the mouths of the sea.
The captives sad in Angband mourn,
Thunder rumbles, the fires burn-
And Finrod fell before the throne.
—Canto VII, vv. 2173-2205
Then Sauron stripped from them their disguise, but though their kinds were revealed, he could not discover their names or their purposes.
Sauron imprisoned them and one by one they were killed by werewolves until only Beren and Felagund were left, but none of the companions betrayed them. When the werewolf came to kill Beren, Felagund put forth all his power and burst his bonds. He wrestled with the werewolf, and slew it with his hands and teeth. Yet he himself was mortally wounded, and he died in the dark, in Tol-in-Gaurhoth, whose great tower he himself had built. Thus King Finrod Felagund, the fairest and most beloved of the house of Finwë, redeemed his oath.
Because of Finrod's noble actions in life, and his reluctance to journey to Middle-earth, he was rehoused after only a short time. He and Glorfindel were the only elves who were known to have been reincarnated. It is noted in the Lay of Leithian that Finrod was soon allowed to return to life in Valinor, and "now dwells with Amarië.” It is also noted in The Silmarillion that "Finrod walks with Finarfin his father beneath the trees in Eldamar".
- See also: #Other versions of the legendarium
The name Finrod is the Sindarin form of his father-name Findaráto ("[Golden-]Haired Champion"). It is possible he and his brother Angrod were first called Aráto, and later differentiated adding find-, referred to the golden hair derived from Indis. This name was of Telerin origin, so the proper Quenya form would be Artafindë.:346-347
Felagund was an epessë given to him by the Dwarves that expanded the caves of Nargothrond, and meant "Hewer of Caves". It is not Sindarin, but rather Sindarinized Khuzdul, from Felakgundu. The name was Eldarized by other as Felagon (in relation with Fingon, Turgon).
While revising his Elvish languages in later years, Tolkien reinterpreted Felagund as "den-dweller, brock, badger", from Sindarin fela, which was used for dens made by wild animals or temporary dwellings of wandering folks, unrelated to big carved caves. The west bank of Narog had many dens of badgers, some of them occupied by Petty-dwarves. It was thus probable that Felagund was actually given by the Sons of Fëanor as a mockery to Finrod, and transmitted by the Dwarves.
His mother-name was Ingoldo, which was also the mother-name of his father Finarfin. It meant "the Ñoldo", 'one-eminent of the kindred' which is in simpler words 'the wise'. It was a name used by his brothers and sister, who loved him.:346, 360
Other versions of the legendarium
In earlier versions of the Middle-earth myths, and when The Lord of the Rings was published, the name Finrod was given to the character later known as Finarfin. Finrod Felagund was then named Inglor Felagund. However, that changed in later drafts, and the character who had the name Gildor Inglorion, in The Lord of the Rings, was unrelated to Finrod despite having a name that means Gildor son of Inglor. Finrod was childless and unmarried during the events of The Silmarillion because his lover, Amarië, remained in Valinor.
In the published The Silmarillion, Orodreth is Finrod's brother: this was an editorial decision by Christopher Tolkien and an admitted mistake. Orodreth was actually the son of Angrod and thus Finrod's nephew.
Portrayal in adaptations
- September 1: A Shadow of the Past:
- Galadriel recalls a memory of her brother during her childhood at the time of the Years of the Trees. In the memory, after some Elf children bully her and sink her paper swan ship, she attempts to attack one of them. However, Finrod (portrayed by Will Fletcher) shows up just in time to prevent her from doing any harm. Not long after, Finrod is seen talking to Galadriel beneath a tree, where it is revealed that Galadriel had made the ship just as Finrod had taught her. To which, Finrod asks her if she knows why ships float while stones cannot, and tells her, after a moment of silence, that stones look downwards towards the irresistible darkness of water while ships look upwards towards starlight, fighting against the darkness of water, whispering on things it would not know. Galadriel questions Finrod, saying that stars are reflected just as brightly within water and that it is hard to know which lights to follow, up or down. Upon thinking, Finrod whispers to her: "Sometimes we cannot know until we have touched the darkness". To this, Galadriel ponders that it sounds simple and Finrod tells her that many things are, but she must decide realize them for herself as he will not always be there to help. Not elaborating on this further, Finrod stands up and tells her that their parents are waiting for them, before walking over a hill to reveal the Two Trees. Later in Galadriel's recollections, Finrod is seen in a battle shouting phrases in Quenya: "Valaron kalanen" ("By the light of the Valar!") and "Firuvantë" ("They will die!"). Galadriel mentions that he vowed to destroy Sauron, Morgoth's sorcerer and lieutenant. Yet Sauron found and defeated Finrod first, marking his corpse with a red symbol, which not even the wisest Elves could decipher, causing Galadriel to take up her brother's vow and dagger for herself.
- October 14: Alloyed:
- When Halbrand effortlessly enters Galadriel's mind by the Glanduin to try to prove to her that he truly desired to redeem himself and heal Middle-earth of evil, he uses her memory of Finrod to do so. Nevertheless, Galadriel refuses to believe that he is redeemable and Halbrand is thrust from her mind and flees Eregion to the Southlands.
- Years of the Sun. Each Year of the Tree is equal to 9.582 Years of the Sun, and the Years of the Trees ended in the year 1500.
- Robert Foster, The Complete Guide to Middle-earth, p. 144
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Morgoth's Ring, "The Annals of Aman": Note on §85
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Flight of the Noldor"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Return of the Noldor"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Beren and Lúthien"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Beleriand and its Realms"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Coming of Men into the West"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Ruin of Beleriand and the Fall of Fingolfin"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "The Grey Annals": §180
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "XI. The Shibboleth of Fëanor", "The names of Finwë's descendants"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "XI. The Shibboleth of Fëanor", "The Dwarvish origin of the name Felagund", p. 352
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Carl F. Hostetter (ed.), The Nature of Middle-earth, "Part Three. The World, its Lands, and its Inhabitants: VII. The Founding of Nargothrond", p. 304
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, Part Three: "The Etymologies", entries "KUNDU", "PHELEG"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Index of Names", entry "Finrod"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Second Age"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Morgoth's Ring, "Part Four. Athrabeth Finrod ah Andreth: Glossary", p. 349 (cf. p. 306)
- J.R.R. Tolkien, "Notes on Óre" (edited by Carl F. Hostetter), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 41, July 2000, p. 14
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Noldor in Beleriand"
House of Finarfin
Cadet branch of House of Finwë
|1st King of Nargothrond|
F.A. 52 – 465