|"Amrod and Amras, sons of Feanor" by Jenny Dolfen|
|Other names||Pityafinwë (Q, fn),|
Ambarussa or Umbarto/Ambarto (Q, mn)
Atyarussa (Q, epessë)
|Location||Eldamar, East Beleriand|
|Affiliation||Oath of Fëanor, Union of Maedhros|
|Language||Quenya and Sindarin|
|Birth||Between Y.T. 1190 and 1362 |
|Death||F.A. 538 |
Third Kinslaying: Mouths of Sirion
|House||House of Fëanor|
|Parentage||Fëanor & Nerdanel|
|Siblings||Maedhros, Maglor, Celegorm, Caranthir, Curufin and Amras (twin)|
|Hair color||Copper red|
|Gallery||Images of Amrod|
Amrod (died in F.A. 538) was the sixth of the seven Sons of Fëanor. Amras was his twin brother, and the younger of the two. Although they greatly resembled each other in face and mood, Amrod's hair became a darker shade than Amras's after childhood.
He joined his brothers in the Oath of Fëanor, but his mother Nerdanel begged that either he or Amras be left behind, believing in her heart that one would not return. Fëanor, however, refused her this kindness, and the quest for the Silmarils cost them both their lives. Though "in later days [after departing from Aman] they were great hunters in the woods of Middle-earth," and they did not greatly participate in the northern Siege of Angband, both were lost in the Third Kinslaying at the Mouths of Sirion.
Amrod's father-name was Pityafinwë, or "Little Finwë", as he was the second youngest of the House of Finwë. The short form of his name was Pityo, "Little One". His mother-name was originally Ambarussa ("Top-russet", referring to his hair), the same as his twin Amras, but Fëanor insisted that the twins ought to have different names and Nerdanel prophetically called him Umbarto, "The Fated" (from umbar = "fate"). His father, disturbed by it, changed it to Ambarto, "Upwards-exalted" (from amba = "upwards, top" and arta ="exalted", "lofty"). Nevertheless both twins called each other Ambarussa. Others most often called him Atyarussa, which means "Second-russa".
Other versions of the legendarium
In The Peoples of Middle-earth, there is a short legend of a different fate for Amrod which results in a separation of the twins that does not appear elsewhere. In this legend, which exists in a draft created as an account for the names of the sons of Fëanor, the reason for Amrod's initial mother name Umbarto 'fated' is revealed. Also, the twins were reversed in this legend, and Amrod ('Umbarto' or 'Ambarto') becomes the younger and Amras ('Ambarussa') the elder.
In Y.T. 1497 Amrod was accidentally killed in the swan ships of the Teleri when his father ordered them to be burnt at Losgar. According to the Shibboleth, Amrod claimed (to Amras) to have felt uncomfortable sleeping on the ground after the Noldor landed on the Lammoth. It was thought later that he wished to return to his mother in the ship after being shocked by his father's deeds in Alqualondë. Fëanor was probably aware of his dissension, and this may have been one of the elements in his decision to burn the ships even before all the food and stores had been removed. Yet he was dismayed when he learned of his son's death but covered his pain with bravado and stated, when Amras asked if he woke up Amrod before burning the ship he was on:
"'That ship I destroyed first,' said Fëanor (hiding his own dismay). 'Then rightly you gave the name to the youngest of your children,' said Ambarussa, 'and Umbarto "the Fated" was its true form. Fell and fey are you become.' And after that no one dared speak again to Fëanor of this matter."
—J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "XI. The Shibboleth of Fëanor", "The names of the Sons of Fëanor"
In earlier stages of the Legendarium, Fëanor's sons had slightly different names. Amrod used to be called Damrod.
In the published The Silmarillion, he lived south of Lothlann, southeast of Himlad, southwest of Thargelion, and east of Doriath in the wide-plains of East Beleriand and ruled with his twin Amras over those lands west of the Blue Mountains and the River Gelion.:map
There is no trace of the death of Amrod at Losgar in the published The Silmarillion, as it was a very late idea by Tolkien that did not develop beyond an inked draft before it was abandoned.:360-1 Although there is a brief margin note referring to the tale, that one of Fëanor's youngest sons died aboard a burning ship at Losgar, in the Annals of Aman,:128 the "strange and sinister" incomplete draft material, which separated the twins very early in their tale was omitted by Christopher Tolkien.:355 In The Silmarillion, Amrod's life and death happen alongside his brother's and not as an individual role.
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Eldamar and the Princes of the Eldalië"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Flight of the Noldor"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "XI. The Shibboleth of Fëanor", "The names of the Sons of Fëanor"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Beleriand and its Realms"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Voyage of Eärendil and the War of Wrath"
- J.R.R. Tolkien, "From The Shibboleth of Fëanor" (edited by Carl F. Hostetter), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 41, July 2000
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Book of Lost Tales Part Two, "IV. The Nauglafring", pp. 241, 251
- J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Morgoth's Ring, "Part Two. The Annals of Aman: Fifth section of the Annals of Aman"