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"Amrod and Amras, sons of Feanor" by Jenny Dolfen
Biographical Information
Other namesPityafinwë (Q, fn),
Ambarussa or Umbarto/Ambarto (Q, mn)
Atyarussa (Q, epessë)
Amarthan (S)
LocationEldamar, East Beleriand
AffiliationOath of Fëanor, Union of Maedhros
LanguageQuenya and Sindarin
BirthBetween Y.T. 1190 and 1362
DeathF.A. 538
Third Kinslaying: Mouths of Sirion
HouseHouse of Fëanor
ParentageFëanor & Nerdanel
SiblingsMaedhros, Maglor, Celegorm, Caranthir, Curufin and Amras (twin)
SpouseNever married
Physical Description
Hair colorCopper red
GalleryImages of Amrod

Amrod (died in F.A. 538) was the sixth of the seven Sons of Fëanor.[1][2] Amras was his twin brother, and the younger of the two.[3] Although they greatly resembled each other in face and mood, Amrod's hair became a darker shade than Amras's after childhood.[3]

History[edit | edit source]

He joined his brothers in the Oath of Fëanor, but his mother Nerdanel begged that either he or Amras be left behind, believing in her heart that one would not return. Fëanor, however, refused her this kindness, and the quest for the Silmarils cost them both their lives. Though "in later days [after departing from Aman] they were great hunters in the woods of Middle-earth,"[1] and they did not greatly participate in the northern Siege of Angband,[4] both were lost in the Third Kinslaying at the Mouths of Sirion.[5]

Etymology[edit | edit source]

Amrod's father-name was Pityafinwë, or "Little Finwë", as he was the second youngest of the House of Finwë. The short form of his name was Pityo, "Little One". His mother-name was originally Ambarussa ("Top-russet", referring to his hair), the same as his twin Amras, but Fëanor insisted that the twins ought to have different names and Nerdanel prophetically called him Umbarto, "The Fated" (from umbar = "fate"). His father, disturbed by it, changed it to Ambarto, "Upwards-exalted" (from amba = "upwards, top" and arta ="exalted", "lofty"). Nevertheless both twins called each other Ambarussa. Others most often called him Atyarussa, which means "Second-russa".[6]

Amrod is the Sindarization of Ambarto,[6] while Amarthan is the Sindarization of Umbarto.[6]

Genealogy[edit | edit source]

b. Y.T.
d. Y.T. 1170
d. Y.T. 1495
b. Y.T.
b. Y.T.
Y.T. 1169 - 1497
b. Y.T.
Y.T. 1190 - F.A. 456
b. Y.T.
b. Y.T. 1230
d. F.A. 587
b. Y.T.
d. F.A. 506
d. F.A. 506
d. F.A. 506
d. F.A. 538
d. F.A. 538
d. S.A. 1697

Other versions of the legendarium[edit | edit source]

In The Peoples of Middle-earth, there is a short legend of a different fate for Amrod which results in a separation of the twins that does not appear elsewhere. In this legend, which exists in a draft created as an account for the names of the sons of Fëanor, the reason for Amrod's initial mother name Umbarto 'fated' is revealed. Also, the twins were reversed in this legend, and Amrod ('Umbarto' or 'Ambarto') becomes the younger and Amras ('Ambarussa') the elder.[3]

In Y.T. 1497 Amrod was accidentally killed in the swan ships of the Teleri when his father ordered them to be burnt at Losgar. According to the Shibboleth, Amrod claimed (to Amras) to have felt uncomfortable sleeping on the ground after the Noldor landed on the Lammoth. It was thought later that he wished to return to his mother in the ship after being shocked by his father's deeds in Alqualondë. Fëanor was probably aware of his dissension, and this may have been one of the elements in his decision to burn the ships even before all the food and stores had been removed. Yet he was dismayed when he learned of his son's death but covered his pain with bravado and stated, when Amras asked if he woke up Amrod before burning the ship he was on:

"'That ship I destroyed first,' said Fëanor (hiding his own dismay). 'Then rightly you gave the name to the youngest of your children,' said Ambarussa, 'and Umbarto "the Fated" was its true form. Fell and fey are you become.' And after that no one dared speak again to Fëanor of this matter."
J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "XI. The Shibboleth of Fëanor", "The names of the Sons of Fëanor"

In earlier stages of the Legendarium, Fëanor's sons had slightly different names. Amrod used to be called Damrod.[7]

In the published The Silmarillion, he lived south of Lothlann, southeast of Himlad, southwest of Thargelion, and east of Doriath in the wide-plains of East Beleriand and ruled with his twin Amras over those lands west of the Blue Mountains and the River Gelion.[4]:map

There is no trace of the death of Amrod at Losgar in the published The Silmarillion, as it was a very late idea by Tolkien that did not develop beyond an inked draft before it was abandoned.[3]:360-1 Although there is a brief margin note referring to the tale, that one of Fëanor's youngest sons died aboard a burning ship at Losgar, in the Annals of Aman,[8]:128 the "strange and sinister" incomplete draft material, which separated the twins very early in their tale was omitted by Christopher Tolkien.[3]:355 In The Silmarillion, Amrod's life and death happen alongside his brother's and not as an individual role.

See also[edit | edit source]