From Tolkien Gateway
Riddermark or simply the Mark was the name among the Rohirrim for the land, more commonly known to outsiders as Rohan.
Riddermark means "land of the riders", derived from the Old English compound Riddena-mearc ("riders' mark" or "The Territory of the Knights"). Mark here is used in the sense of "borderland, especially one serving as a defence of the inner lands of a realm".
The original untranslated Rohanese term of the country was Lōgrad.
J.R.R. Tolkien might have been inspired by William Morris's use of 'Mid-mark' in The House of the Wolfings, a book which Tolkien owned and from which he took inspiration.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, p. 248
- ↑ Jason Fisher, "Horns of Dawn: The Tradition of Alliterative Verse in Rohan", in Middle-earth Minstrel: Essays on Music in Tolkien (ed. Bradford Lee Eden), p. 21 (note 18)
- ↑ Greg Harvey, The Origins of Tolkien's Middle-earth for Dummies, "The Rohirrim"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "II. The Appendix on Languages", p. 53
- ↑ Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (2006), The J.R.R. Tolkien Companion and Guide: Reader's Guide, "Morris, William", p. 600